Orbital period. d yr Venus solar day. Synodic period. Average orbital speed. Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty. As the brightest natural object in Earth's night sky after the Moon, Venus can cast shadows and can be, on rare occasions, visible to the naked eye in. Venus is the second planet from the Sun and is Earth's closest planetary neighbor. It's one of the four inner, terrestrial (or rocky) planets. Astronomers, however, are still hunting for another possible planet in our solar system, a true ninth planet, after mathematical evidence of. Venus is the second planet from the Sun within the Solar System. Earth Will End Up Like The Hellish Venus, Scientist Warns. "The planet likely has a density of. Venus, second planet from the Sun and sixth in the solar system in size and mass. No planet approaches closer to Earth than Venus;. Venus is the second planet from the Sun with a day taking longer than its year. Its reflective clouds of sulphuric acid make Venus the third brightest.